How To Reach
Jaisalmer is located 300 km (190 mi) from Jodhpur airport.A civil airport has been constructed in Jaisalmer and will soon be inaugurated.
Jaisalmer has daily connectivity with Bikaner, Lalgarh, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Jaipur, Alwar, Rewari, Gurgaon, Delhi, Ghaziabad, Muradabad, Kathgodam, Kashipur & Ramnagar.
The weekly train connectivity with Abu road, Lucknow, Gaya, Varanasi, Mughalsarai, Kolkata, Ahmedabad, Vadodra, Surat & Mumbai. Occasionally special AC super fast trains or express trains available on Diwali, Deshhara, Winter leaves, Christmas, New year & Desert festival (during peak seasons) from Jaipu & Delhi. Jaisalmer is also one of the major stations in the journey by India most luxurious train “Palace on Wheels”.
Jaisalmer town lies on Highway No. 15. It has luxury Mercedes and Volvo bus connectivity with Delhi, as well as Ahmedabad. Many buses are of the RSRTC and also many private bus operators ply from Jaisalmer to Jodhpur, Jaipur, Barmer,Udaipur, Bikaner,Mt Abu, Ahmadabad, Mumbai, Pune and other cities of India.
Jaisalmer is named after Maharawal Jaisal Singh, a Rajput king who founded the city in 1156 AD.”Jaisalmer” mean “the Hill Fort of Jaisal”. Jaisalmer is sometimes called the “Golden City of India” because the yellow sand and the yellow sandstone used in every architecture of the city gives a yellowish-golden tinge to the city and its surrounding area.
Jaisalmer Fort (Golden Fort)
The fort was built by Rawal Jaisal in 1156 CE. Jaisal conspired with the Sultan ofGaur to dispose his nephew Bhojdev from his territory. The other important event of the fort was during 1276 when King Jetsi strengthened the fort against the invading Sultan of Delhi. The 56 bastions were manned by 3,700 soldiers. After eight years of invasion and siege, the Sultan’s army finally breached and destroyed the castle. Bhatis took control of the fort, but had no means to repair it. In 1306, Dodoo was elected the Rawal for his bravery for ejecting the Rathors. He subsequently took up the work of repairing and
strenghening the fort.During the medieval period, the city's location along the Silk Road enabled it to serve as a major center of international trade, and as a warehousing facility for such trade. As such, it facilitated trade and commerce between Persia, Arabia, Egypt, Africa and China. The offering of such services for such commerce required a dependable means of security, and thus the fort came into being.
Patwon Ki Haveli
The traditional courtyard homes in South Asia is built on the ancient principles of Vastu Shastra. which state that all spaces emerge from a single point, that is the centre of the house. Courtyards are common feature in south Asian architecture. The earliest archaeological evidence of courtyard homes in the region dates back to 2600–2450 BCE! Traditional homes in South Asia are built around courtyard and all family activities revolved around chowk or courtyard. Additionally, the courtyard serves as a light well and an effective ventilation strategy for hot and dry climates of South Asia. During medieval period, the term Haveli was first applied in Rajputana by the Vaishnava sect to refer to their temples in Gujarat under the Mughal Empire and Rajputana kingdoms. Later, the generic term haveli eventually came to be identified with townhouse and mansions of the merchant class.
Gadsisar Lake – Excavated in 1367 by Rawal Gadsi Singh, it is a scenic rainwater lake surrounded by the small temples and shrines of Amar Sagar. Earlier, this lake was used
to be the main water source of Jaisalmer. Due to an increased water demand for agriculture, the lake is increasingly threatened to dry out.
The royal cenotaphs of kings, nobel persons and brave warriors the place is calm and serene to visit. To maintain the dignity and worthiness of the place you will not find any description or inscriptions to explain you.
Bada bagh means big garden, a garden of cenotaphs of warriors. Vyas chatari is same place with cenotaphs of nobel persons of the city. These places provide a taste of history and reminiscence of bygone era. Best time to visit is either early morning or before sunset.
In the Era of kings and ministers about 200 years ago “Kuldhara” was home to the Paliwal Brahmins. The village is desolate with uncanny silence prevailing around. It is being said that all villagers left this place leaving their homes behind.
The place worth visiting specially for those who love fiction and adventure. The town is 20 Kms away from Jaisalmer and the best time to visit is daytime. A company of local tour guide will help you to reveal and discover new facts about the place.
Jain Temple – Jain heritage of Jaisalmer
Jaisalmer has been enriched by its Jain community, which has adorned the city with beautiful temples, notably the temples dedicated to the 16th Tirthankara, Shantinath, and 23rd Tirthankara, Parshvanath. There are seven Jain temples in total which are situated within the Jaisalmer fort built during 12th and 15th centuries. Among these temples, the biggest one is The Paraswanath Temple and is most attractive; others being Chandraprabhu temple, Rishabdev temple, Shitalnath Temple, Kunthunath Temple, and Shantinath Temple. Known for their exquisite work of art and architecture that was predominant in the medieval era the temples are built out of yellow sandstone and have intricate engravings on them.